Berliner gramophone

Made:
1890 in Waltershausen
maker:
Kämmer and Reinhardt
and
Emile Berliner

Creative Commons LicenseThis image is released under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 Licence

Buy this image as a print 

License this image for commercial use at Science and Society Picture Library

Creative Commons LicenseThis image is released under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 Licence

Buy this image as a print 

License this image for commercial use at Science and Society Picture Library

Creative Commons LicenseThis image is released under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 Licence

Buy this image as a print 

License this image for commercial use at Science and Society Picture Library

Creative Commons LicenseThis image is released under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 Licence

Buy this image as a print 

License this image for commercial use at Science and Society Picture Library

Creative Commons LicenseThis image is released under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 Licence

Buy this image as a print 

License this image for commercial use at Science and Society Picture Library

Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Early example of gramophone by Berliner, with ear tubes, horn, two records and one point stamped 'E. Berliner Grammophon D.R.P. 45048'.

This gramophone consists simply of a turntable rotated by hand and a rather crude form of sound-box, fitted with a cardboard horn. The sound-box is mounted on a swinging arm which is pivoted to the base frame so that it can swing across the record as its stylus follows the grove.

Emile Berliner was a German clerk in a Washington haberdashers. In 1887 he patented a form of recording in which sound waves were photoengraved as a wavy spiral on a zinc disc. He called his machine the Gramophone. Unlike Edison's phonograph cylinders, gramophone discs could be stamped out cheaply; eventually, using wax for recording, they became the basis of the record industry. But the first commercial appearance of Berliner's invention was this toy, made in Germany by Kammerer und Reinhardt of Waltershausen.

This gramophone was made about 1890 and embodies a few improvements on Berliner's orginal model of 1887.

Details

Category:
Sound Reproduction
Object Number:
1915-391
type:
gramophone
taxonomy:
  • tools and equipment
  • equipment by process
  • sound playing equipment
credit:
Mr. T.H. Court.
status:
Permanent collection

Cite this page

Rights

We encourage the use and reuse of our collection data.


Data in the title, made, maker and details fields are released under Creative Commons Zero


Descriptions and all other text content are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 licence

Using our data

Download

Download catalogue entry as json

Download manifest IIIF

Our records are constantly being enhanced and improved, but please note that we cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information shown on this website.