Calliper for measuring the head in criminal identification system, Paris, France, 1867-1899

Made:
1867-1899 in Paris
maker:
Mathieu

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Buy this image as a print 

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Buy this image as a print 

License this image for commercial use at Science and Society Picture Library

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"Compas d'epaisseur micrometrique", precision calliper for anthropometrical measurements of the face, designed by Paul
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

"Compas d'epaisseur micrometrique", precision calliper for anthropometrical measurements of the face, designed by Paul
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

"Compas d'epaisseur micrometrique", precision calliper for anthropometrical measurements of the face, designed by Paul
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

"Compas d "epaisseur micrometrique", precision calliper for anthropometrical measurements of the face, designed by Paul Broca, made by Mathieu, Paris

Known as a compass d’epaisseur, this calliper was used to measure the thickness of the neck. Held horizontally, the two branches were applied to the neck and the measurement in millimetres read from the scale. Neck thickness was just one measurement taken of the human body by anthropologists in the 1800s, who attempted to classify humans into different types and races.

Devised by Paul Broca (1824-80), a French surgeon and anthropologist, the calliper was made by Mathieu, a French surgical instrument maker.

Related people

Details

Category:
Psychology, Psychiatry & Anthropometry
Identifier:
1980-1101/1
type:
calliper, callipers, anthropometry, measurement (linear)
taxonomy:
  • furnishing and equipment
  • measuring device - instrument
credit:
Christie's South Kensington Limited
status:
Permanent collection

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