Smith-Clarke 'Junior' cabinet respirator, Warwick, England, 1956-1970

Made:
1956-1970 in Warwick
maker:
Cape Engineering Company Limited

Creative Commons LicenseThis image is released under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 Licence

Buy this image as a print 

License this image for commercial use at Science and Society Picture Library

Creative Commons LicenseThis image is released under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 Licence

Buy this image as a print 

License this image for commercial use at Science and Society Picture Library

Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

"Smith-Clarke Junior" infant cabinet respirator made by the Cape Engineering Company Ltd., Warwick, 1956-1970

Devised in 1956 by George Thomas Smith-Clarke (1884-1960), a British engineer, the Smith-Clarke ‘Junior’ cabinet respirator was a type of iron lung designed for children up to the age of six.

First developed to treat gas inhalation victims, iron lungs were subsequently used to treat patients whose chest muscles were paralysed from diseases such as polio. Patients were encased in the cabinet. Air at alternating pressures was pumped into the chamber causing the lungs to inflate and deflate so the person could breathe.

Smith-Clarke modelled the ‘Junior’ breathing machine on an iron lung he had developed for adults in the 1950s, known as the Mark II. Unlike the adult version, the ‘Junior‘ version was designed to incorporate the pump and patient chamber as one unit. Smith-Clarke devised a new way of opening and closing both the ‘Junior’ and Mark II versions of the iron lung. Hinged at one end, the machines became known as ‘alligators’, for the way the cabinet mimicked the jaws of the creature. Smith-Clarke models remained popular throughout the 1960s. This example was made by the Cape Engineering Co. Ltd. based in Warwick, England.

Details

Category:
Therapeutics
Object Number:
1989-1195
Materials:
aluminium, bellows, leather, plastic, steel
type:
iron lung
taxonomy:
  • furnishing and equipment
  • tools & equipment
credit:
South Western Hospital. Phipps Respirato
status:
Permanent collection

Cite this page

Rights

We encourage the use and reuse of our collection data.


Data in the title, made, maker and details fields are released under Creative Commons Zero


Descriptions and all other text content are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 licence

Using our data

Download

Download catalogue entry as json

Download manifest IIIF

Our records are constantly being enhanced and improved, but please note that we cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information shown on this website.