Seven 1/4 scale models of apparatus used by Heinrich Hertz, 1949

Made:
1949 in Science Museum
maker:
Science Museum, Workshops

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Seven 1/4 scale models of apparatus used by Heinrich Hertz, Science Museum workshops, South Kensington, 1949. Pt1 = 2 parabolic zinc reflectors, one with oscillator and other with resonator; Pt2 = plane zinc reflector; Pt3 = Open oscillator with spherical radiators; Pt4 = 3 wooden prisms; Pt5 = wire screen in wooden frame; Pt6 = apparatus for stationary wave experiments (a long cylinder of 24 copper wires)

Seven 1/4 scale models of apparatus used by Heinrich Hertz, Science Museum workshops, South Kensington, 1949.

These are quarter-scale models of the apparatus used by Heinrich Hertz (1857-1894) to attempt to prove experimentally the theory of James Clerk Maxwell that electromagnetic waves behaved in the same way as light. In the years 1886 to 1891 Hertz conducted a classic series of experiments which are some of the most important in science. He designed apparatus for generating and detecting electric waves. He studied them to prove that they possessed all the properties of light and radiant heat. They could be reflected, refracted and polarised and their velocity was 300,000 kilometres per second. In doing so he validated Maxwell’s theory of electromagnetism and began the progressive opening-up of the electromagnetic spectrum.

Details

Category:
Radio Communication
Object Number:
1949-52
Materials:
brass (copper, zinc alloy), glass, metal (unknown), paint, pine (wood), steel (metal), wax, wood (unidentified), zinc (metal)
Measurements:
wooden prisms (Pt4): 410 mm x 145 mm x 305 mm, 1.41 kg
wire screen (Pt5): 500 mm x 500 mm x 10 mm, .17 kg
parabolic zinc reflector (Pt1): 550 mm x 330 mm x 220 mm, 1.15 kg
plane zinc reflector (Pt2): 485 mm x 225 mm x 225 mm, .51 kg
type:
scientific equipment
taxonomy:
  • furnishing and equipment
  • tools & equipment
credit:
Made by Science Museum Workshops
status:
Permanent collection

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