Three-ring Enigma cypher machine in oak wood transit case

Made:
1934 in Germany
maker:
Unknown
patentee:
Arthur Scherbius

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Three-ring Enigma cypher machine complete in wooden transit case, together with original German battery (Serial number
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Three-ring Enigma cypher machine complete in wooden transit case, together with original German battery (Serial number
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Three-ring Enigma cypher machine complete in wooden transit case, together with original German battery (Serial number
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Three-ring Enigma cypher machine complete in wooden transit case, together with original German battery (Serial number
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Three-ring Enigma cypher machine complete in wooden transit case, together with original German battery (Serial number
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Three-ring Enigma cypher machine complete in wooden transit case, together with original German battery (Serial number
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Three-ring Enigma cypher machine complete in wooden transit case, together with original German battery (Serial number
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Three-ring Enigma cypher machine complete in wooden transit case, together with original German battery (Serial number
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Three-ring Enigma cypher machine complete in wooden transit case, together with original German battery (Serial number
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Three-ring Enigma cypher machine complete in wooden transit case, together with original German battery (Serial number
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Three-ring Enigma cypher machine complete in wooden transit case, together with original German battery (Serial number
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Three-ring Enigma cypher machine complete in wooden transit case, together with original German battery (Serial number
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Three-ring Enigma cypher machine complete in wooden transit case, together with original German battery (Serial number
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Three-ring Enigma cypher machine complete in wooden transit case, together with original German battery (Serial number
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Three-ring Enigma cypher machine complete in wooden transit case, together with original German battery (Serial number
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Three-ring Enigma cypher machine complete in wooden transit case, together with original German battery (Serial number
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Three-ring Enigma cypher machine complete in wooden transit case, together with original German battery (Serial number
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Three-ring Enigma cypher machine complete in wooden transit case, together with original German battery (Serial number
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Three-ring Enigma cypher machine complete in wooden transit case, together with original German battery (Serial number
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Three-ring Enigma cypher machine complete in wooden transit case, together with original German battery (Serial number
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Three-ring Enigma cypher machine complete in wooden transit case, together with original German battery (Serial number
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Three-ring Enigma cypher machine complete in wooden transit case, together with original German battery (Serial number
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Three-ring Enigma cypher machine complete in wooden transit case, together with original German battery (Serial number
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Three-ring Enigma cypher machine complete in wooden transit case, together with original German battery (Serial number
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Three-ring Enigma cypher machine complete in wooden transit case, together with original German battery (Serial number
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Three-ring Enigma cypher machine complete in wooden transit case, together with original German battery (Serial number
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Three-ring Enigma cypher machine complete in wooden transit case, together with original German battery (Serial number
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Three-ring Enigma cypher machine complete in wooden transit case, together with original German battery (Serial number
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Three-ring Enigma cypher machine complete in wooden transit case, together with original German battery (Serial number
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Three-ring Enigma cypher machine complete in wooden transit case, together with original German battery (Serial number
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Three-ring Enigma cypher machine complete in wooden transit case, together with original German battery (Serial number
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Three-ring Enigma cypher machine complete in wooden transit case, together with original German battery (Serial number
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Three-ring Enigma cypher machine complete in oak wood transit case, together with original German battery (Serial number A6421/1937), unsigned, Germany, 1934 (see Note)

Three-ring Enigma cypher machine complete in wooden transit case, together with original German battery. The Enigma machine was patented in 1918 by the German engineer Arthur Scherbius (1878-1929), and produced commercially from 1923. The German government, impressed by its security, acquired the rights to the machine and adapted it for military use. Throughout World War II, Germany and its allies encrypted military messages using Enigma machines and, by 1945, over 40,000 such machines were in use. The Germans considered the Enigma code to be unbreakable but, thanks to combined Allied efforts, the codebreakers at Bletchley Park in Bedfordshire, the British army's intelligence centre, managed to intercept and decypher the code.

On display

Science Museum: Mathematics: The Winton Gallery

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Details

Category:
Radio Communication
Materials:
aluminium alloy, brass (copper, leather, metal (unknown), oak (wood), paper (fibre product), plastic (unidentified), steel (metal), textile, zinc alloy)
Measurements:
Closed: 160 mm x 290 mm x 350 mm, 11.6 kg
Open: 430 mm x 290 mm x 530 mm, 11.6 kg
Identifier:
1980-1200
type:
enigma machine
taxonomy:
credit:
Government Communications Headquarters
status:
Permanent collection

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