Wooden statue of St Giles, France, 1801-1900

Made:
1801-1900 in France
maker:
Unknown

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Wooden statue of St. Giles, French, probably 19th century, invoked against leprosy. Black background.
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Wooden figure of Saint Giles, French, probably 19th Century, invoked against leprosy. Statue of male figure in Monks clothing, with Dog, on an octagonal base.

Many Christians have long believed that the saints are able to plead with God on their behalf and that particular saints can give protection against specific illnesses. St Giles (c. 650-c. 710 CE) was a hermit who founded a monastery at a place later known as Saint-Gilles, Provence, France, which explains why he is shown wearing a monk’s habit. He is the patron saint of those suffering from leprosy.

Leprosy was a widely feared disease as, in the worst cases, it caused muscle paralysis and disfigurement to the face, hands and feet. People with the disease were known as lepers and were excluded from society due to the fear that they would spread the disease. Outside of major cities, areas were built to segregate lepers from society. In 1101, one such area was created just outside of London at St Giles in the Fields. The statue may have stood in one of these segregated areas.

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Details

Category:
Classical & Medieval Medicine
Object Number:
A665652
Materials:
paint, wood (unidentified)
type:
statue
taxonomy:
  • visual and verbal communication
  • sculpture
status:
Loan: Wellcome Trust

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