Lucas, Francis Robert

active 1856-1890s, telegraph engineer; inventor of a type of deep-sea sounding machine, British

1856 - began laying submarine cable; subsequently became chief engineer at the Telegraph Construction and Maintenance Company in Greenwich; participated in cable laying voyages of SS 'Great Eastern'

1878 - invented wire-sounding machine which was first used on the cable laying ship the 'Alert';

1887 - invented type of oceanographic sounding machine;

1891 - patented scoop sounder, an instrument also known as the 'snapper' it was used when cable laying

Francis was employed by the English Telegraph Construction and Maintenance Company