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Explore the technological development of motion pictures though our internationally significant cinematography collection. Discover pre-cinematic optical toys, the history of film advertising, and filmmaking technology used by both professionals and amateurs
35mm Lumiere Cinematographe camera/printer/projector, serial number 254, with brass taking and projection lenses with Lumière thread, crank handle. Claw mechanism designed for Edison perforations.
Le Prince Single-lens Cine Camera
One-lens cinematograph camera, made by Louis Le Prince at Leeds in 1888.
Main part of Edison Kinetoscope. Invented by Edison's British employee, William Kennedy Laurie Dickson (1860 - 1935), this was the first device to show moving pictures. Painted in white on left side 'Dept II No 584'. Brass plaque on upper front inscribed 'No 509 / Eddison Kinetoscope / Manufactured by Edison Mfg Co Orange / NJ USA'.
Kodak Automatic 8 movie camera
Kodak automatic 8 camera, 1962. For 8mm film, 25' double run; Kodak Ektanar lens F:13mm f/1.6. Auto exposure, direct setting of aperture by photocell. Clockwork drive; DV optical finder, low light signal. In original packing with instructions. Lens: 13mm Kodak 'Ektanar' Lens f/1.6, the lens is limited to a maximum aperture of f/1.9 due to the requirements of the automatic exposure control. Viewfinder: of the telescopic type, incorporating two moulded lenses housed in the top of the case. It includes a zone type low-light indicator. The front finder lens has a parallax correction mark for close-ups from 3-5ft. Finish: the general finish of the camera is a light grey case, front plate and shutter housing with dark blue/grey side panels.
Kodak Brownie 8 8mm movie camera
Brownie Movie 8 camera. Brownie 8 8mm movie camera f/2.7, made by the Eastman Kodak Company in the United States, c. 1960. Serial Number 0283.
Sixteen lens cine camera
Sixteen lens cinematographic camera, made by Louis Le Prince in Paris in 1887 (with electrical connections)
Paillard-Bolex B8 8mm cine camera
Paillard-Bolex B8 cinecamera. Made in Switzerland. Standard 8mm. Yvar lens F:13mm f/1.9, No. 548378, and Kinotel lens F:38mm f/1.9, No. 2094, in two lens turret. Clockwork drive 8-64 fps. Totaly closing adjustable shutter. No. 616799.
Kodak Kodascope Model B 16mm projector
Kodascope Model B projector. For 16mm silent film, self threading. Fitted with an anastigmat projection lens F: 2 inches. Helical focusing in sliding mount. Single continuous sprocket, claw intermittent. Mirror and condenser lens system lights gate at right angle to lamp. 50v 250w A1 prefocus lamp. Framing control on lens mount. Rheostat controls for lamp and motor fitted ammeter 1-5A. Threading light. Power rewind. Screw elevation. Automatic threading onto take up reel through adjustable film guides. On-off and forward-reverse switches. No. K 11025. Eastman Kodak.
Chronophotographe double-use camera
Marey Chrono-photographic camera, without lens (B3030); Etienne-Jules Marey
Éclair Cameflex CM3 35mm camera
Cameflex 35mm cine camera No 614, with 400' magazine, six lenses and various filters in a fitted box, matt box, along with a portapower battery. Cameflex Standard (CM3) 35mm film camera, manufactured by Etablissement Eclair in 1946.
Fujica Single 8 P1 camera
8mm cine camera, Fujica Single-8 P1 camera. Uses Fuji proprietary Super 8 film cassettes. Fujinon 1.8 / 11.5mm lens. Made by Fuji Photo Optical Co. Ltd., between 1965 and 1977. Cine camera for Single 8 film cartridges; Fujinon F:11.5mm f/1.8 lens. Direct vision optical finder with exposure indication; auto exposure electric motor drive; pistol grip. No 435857.
Bell & Howell Autoload 308 cine camera, 1968
Cine camera for Super 8 film cartridges; Bell & Howell Zoom lens F:10.5-26.5mm, f/1.9, reflex finder; auto or manual exposure. Foldaway handle. Serial No 8413567. Made in Japan. Electrically driven, it runs at 18 frames/second. There is also a single-frame option.
Kodak Ektasound 130 Super 8 camera
Kodak Ektasound 130 Super 8 cine camera. For Super 8 film in sound cartridges. Kodak Ektar lens F;9mm f/1.2. Automatic exposure; DV optical finder. Magnetic sound recording facility on striped film. No 015347. In original carton with Kodak directional microphone and wriststrap (carton not seen 2011). bought in a camera shop in 1976 for £64.07. The Kodak Ektasound 130 was the first camera designed to record sound simultaneously with picture onto magnetically-striped Super 8 Ektachrome film.
Bell & Howell Autoset 624EE 8mm Cine Camera
Bell & Howell Autoset 624EE camera. Double run 8mm cine camera. Super Comat lens F:10mm f/1.9. Auto or manual aperture setting. Clockwork drive. Single frame/continuous run. No. D33146.
Debrie 'Le Parvo' 35mm Cine Camera
Debrie Parvo cine camera modified for two colour process. Series 9, No 43. By J Debrie, Paris. For 35mm film in internal magazine. Krauss Zeiss Tessar lens, f/3.5 F:50mm, Serial No 84933. For Kinemacolor or similar process; red/orange and green filter wheel behind lens. Hand turned; optical frame finder; through-film focusing; footage and fps counters.
Arriflex 2C 35mm cine camera
35mm Arriflex IIC cine camera; body number C8587, wild motor number VR661949, constant speed mains synch motor, 24fps, plus parts, number 1867, bellow matte box (400ft magazine on camera), etched ground glasses, swan neck, cables for different motors. On fixed mount, with power cable. Serial Nunber 3452. Fitted with three lenses; Taylor Hobson 50mm lens, Serial No 516420; 75mm Speed Panchro lens, f2; Schneider-Kreuznach Xenon lens 1:2/28, Serial Number 3087691.
Éclair NPR 16mm cine camera
Eclair 16 NPR cine camera. 16mm Eclair camera body, camera No CJ77, Serial Number 3779; with Perfectone Compact motor attached, Serial Number 7691; 400 foot film magazine CJ80; eyepiece right angle viewfinder Serial Number 1209; Angenieux 12-120 zoom lens Type 10x12B 12mm f/12, by P Angenieux, Paris, Serial No 141235, with on-board fluid attachment; Cooke Kinetal 9mm f/1.9 wide angle lens, Serial Number 747284, by Taylor, Taylor & Hobson; 25mm Bell & Howell Angenieux fast lens Serial Number 1307829; Tiffen professional lens shade/filter holder, No 1 Diopter, No 85 filter, zoom bars, fuses. Finder Serial No 1209, lens Serial No 1412315, collar No 12A, A Chroszle, Munich, Serial No 3742.
Cine-Kodak Magazine 8 camera
The Cine-Kodak Magazine 8 Camera made by Kodak in the United States in 1946. In presentation case. f/1.9 Kodak Anastigmat lens.
Demeny-Gaumont chronophotograph camera/projector
Demeny-Gaumont chronophotograph camera/projector, c 1898. Serial No 1292. L Gaumont et cie, Paris. Cine camera and projector for 35mm film, Edison perforation; eccentrically mounted beater; two continuous prockets. Provision for frame, by moving gate; adjustable sector shutter; lens missing; external 400 foot magazines; direct vision viewfinder; film punch; handle missing.
Paillard Bolex H16 16mm Cine Camera
Paillard-Bolex H16 cine camera with fitted case, instructions and pistol grip. It has a three lens turret; Kern Yvar F=16mm f/1:2.8, Serial No 154788; Kern Switar F=25mm f/1.4, Serial No 156462; Kern Yvar F=75mm f/1:2.8 lenses, Serial No 150601; all three lens by Kern-Paillard, Switzerland.
Pathe Webo Super 16 Camera
Pathe Webo Super 16 camera. Triple barrel lens assembly; Berthiot Tele-cinor F:75mm f/1.3, Serial No 1040992; Actina 2.5mm; 29.5mm lens. This camera takes 16mm film in 50' or 100' daylight-loading spools. Clockwork-driven, it can be run at 8, 16,24, 32, 63 and 80 frames/second. It has a singe central sprocket drive and claw intermittent. The starting knob has four positions: for lock, continuous run, single picture and time exposure (via a cable release). The camera has a rewind handle and an accurate frame counter. It has totally-closing variable shutter, controlled by the lever at the front of the camera. It has a direct-vision optical finder and a reflex finder. The turret is fitted with three C mount lenses: an f/1.9 25mm Som Berthiot Cinor B; an f/1.3.5 75mm Som Berthiot Cinor B and an f/2.2 12.5mm Angenieux Type R4, all with Wratten 85 filters.
Aldis Minor slide projector
Aldis Minor projector. For 2 x 2 inch slides. 100w, 240v, A1 lamp prefocus. With three condenser lenses and mirror. Helical focusing movement. coated Petzval type projection lens. Two elevating screws. With bulb and 2-pin plug; plug stamped Clix Patent Made in England.
Pathé Baby-Cine 9.5mm camera
Constinsouza, Paris. Pathe Baby-Cine camera. Cinecamera for 9.5mm film in Pathex chargers. Berthiot Stellor lens f/3.5-14, Serial No 144055. Handturned, two turns per second. Rotary frame counter. Folding wire frame finder. Claw intermittent. Serial No 066928. British Patent Number 144055. Fitted with 30 foot film charger.
Paillard-Bolex H8 8mm cine camera
Paillard Bolex H8 cine camera. Cine camera for double run 8mm film, 100 foot spools. Three lens turret; Meyer-Gorlitz Kino Plasmat lens F:12.5mm f/1.5-11. No 782189. Dallmeyer 25mm lens f/1.9-16 No 206500. Dallmeyer F:1 1/2 inch f/1.9-16 lens, No 213206. Clockwork motor drive; claw intermittent, two continuous sprockets. 8,16, 24, 32, 64 fpr. Back wind handle; optional hand turning. Single/ over frame facility, T/I exposires. Rotary frame counter, Direct vision optical finder, parallax compensation, hinged auxiliary lenses for telephoto lenses. Critical focuser, reflex type for top lens on turret. No 10630.
Debrie Sept 35mm cine camera
Debrie Sept cine camera for 35mm film in 10' loading chargers. Fitted with a Paris 'Huet' lens F: 5cm f/ 3.5-32, Serial No 1825, Detachable clockwork motor, rounded case, 'normal' and 'rapid' speed. With provision for single exposure T/I. Brilliant reflex finder. Front lens slides out to form optical frame finder. Helical focusing mount. Intermittent front sprocket drive. Light trapped slits for use as printer/ projector. Frame counter. Serial No E 00423. Andre Debrie. French Patent 2 June 1919. In lined case with four spare chargers.
Kodak Brownie 500 cine projector
For 8mm silent film; Kodak projection Ektanar lens F:3/4", f/1.6. Auto threading still/reverse/forward, lamp motor, eleveation, framing controls. Integral case. 110v 60 cps.
Bolex 150 Super 8mm Cine Camera
Cine camera for Super 8 cartridge film; hinged lens cover; Paillard Box zoom lens F:8.5-30mm, f/1.9; refelx finder, visible meter needle, auto exposure; macrofocusing capability - faulty; electric motor drive. The first Bolex Super 8 camera is of strikingly unconventional design, not only externally but inside the camera body too. Uniquely, the light from the lens is deflected 90 degrees by a prism inside the body so that the film cartridge sits horizontally above the lens. The f/1.9 8.5-30mm zoom lens is built into the camera housing and its focus and zoom setting is adjusted by the knurled knob. It has through-the-lens CdS metering and can be operated at 18 frames/second or a single frame at a time.
The Kinora viewer. Hand operated viewer for Kinora reels. Wooden base, with hinged wooden strip bearing mechanism, viewing lens and metal eyeshield. Supporting strut holds viewer at approximately 45 degrees. Black enamelled viewer stamped 'The Kinora No 309(?)'. Fitted with flipbook, black and white photographs of a plough team (1967-207 Pt2/08)
Gaumont-Kalee GK21 35mm cinema projector
Gaumont-Kalee GK21 35mm cinema film projector with President lamphouse, made in Leeds, 1948-1958. Type 83. Manufactured by BAF Ltd London Ser No 653.
Bell & Howell Filmo 70 C-2 16mm cine camera
Bell & Howell Filmo 70 C-2 automatic cinecamera for 16mm film, 100 foot reels. GB-Bell & Howell Super Comat lens, 20mm f/1.9-16. fitted (not original?). Helical focusing. With three lens turret. Direct vision optical finder. Original clockwork motor replaced by external 12v electric motor. Serial No17817.
Kodak Brownie 8 movie camera model f/2.7
Cinecamera for double run 8mm film; f/2.7 lens; clockwork motor; DV optical finder; No. 22696. Manufactured from both Eastman Kodak and Kodak Ltd parts.
Magic lantern chromatrope slide: 'A Merry Christmas'
Lantern slide with Chromatrope pattern round static picture of snow scene with cottage and mill. Entitled 'A Merry Christmas'.
Kodak Brownie Turret movie camera
For doublerun 8mm film, 25' reels; Kodak Cine Ektanon lens F:13mm f/1.9, with converters for telephoto and wide angle. Clockwork drive; folding optical frame finder, parallax compensated. H 10207.
Vinten Model K 'Normandy' 35mm cine camera
Vinten Model K camera Mk 1 (Normandy). Cine camera for 35mm film on 200 foot spools, designed for combat use during second world war. Turret with three lenses: Cooke Speed Panchro F:35mm, f/2-32, Serial No 289547; Cooke Speed Panchro F:50mm, f/2-32, Serial No 287431; Dallmeyer Telephoto F:6 inches f/4.5-32, Serial No 290557. Helical focusing mounts, rubber lens caps. Clockwork motor drive. Direct vision optical finder with front lens engraved for three lens fields. Parallax adjustment on rear lens. Rotary footage counter. Serial No 251.
Kodatoy Universal Model 16mm Projector
For 16mm silent film, 100' reels; claw intermittent, two sprockets. Motor speed control; hand rewind for 110 or 240 volt supply.
Bell and Howell 2709 Model B 35mm cine camera
Bell & Howell 2709 cine camera, Model B. Standard Cinemachinery 35mm cine camera. With 4 lens turret, (original lenses are missing (fitted with lens Astro lens 1990-5036/3197). Gate and claw intermittent mechanism missing. Single sprocket. External magazines (2) 400 foot. Hand turned (handle missing), 8 and 1 frame shafts. Variable shutter 170 - 0 degrees. Preset or operated continuously by lever and gear attachment (missing). Rotary footage counter. Critical focuser. Ground glass insert behind turret, opposite taking lens. Thin slot for masks before gate. Shoe for viewfinder. Patents Sept 17 1912 and Feb 13 1917, no 5687. Serial No 932. Originally sold to the Ruby Camera Exchange in New York on 31 August 1929. Has ultra speed movement number 282 in it, which usually meant it was to be used for some kind of instrumentation as it would shoot slow motion images.
Polyrama Panoptique. A paper covered wooden box with sliding lens panel connected by paper covered cloth bellows. Hinged lid and back is coupled by wire strut to permit change from frontal to back lighting. The underside of the lid is covered in gold foil. Sold by J Arnold's Wholesale Retail & Export Toy, Archery & Fancy Warehouse, 38 King William Street, London Bridge. With six transparencies. 'POLYORAMA PANOPTIQUE/BREVET D' INVENTION 3Che du Gouvt' stamped in gold lettering on lid.
Empire Model 2 35mm Cinematograph
Butcher's No. 2 Empire Cinematograph. For 35mm film on 400' reels. Pathe Serie Superieure lens, screw focused; beater intermittent, 2 sprockets; before lens shutter. Centrifugal safety shutter; framing device. Iron lamphouse, condenser and light source missing, slides over behind lantern lens, with flasher, tinter slot, rack focusing. On wooden base.
Éclair Cameflex 16/35mm camera
Éclair Cameflex 16-35mm camera, Serial No1635-296. Based on the Cameflex Standard (CM3) it has three pulldown claws (two for 35mm, one for 16mm) in the film gate.
Bauer Mini S cine camera
Bauer Mini S cinecamera. Cine camera for Super 8 film magazines; Schneider Xenoplan lens F:15mm f/1.8. Auto exposure - cell operates aperture directly; needle visible in DV optical finder. Electric motor drive. This camera was in production from 1966-1968. The followed on from the Mini of 1966-1967. The only difference seems to have been the lens.
Kodak M6 Instamatic Super 8 Movie Camera
Kodak M6 instamatic movie camera, 1965-1966, in rigid foam lined carrying case. Electric cine camera for Super 8 film in 50' Kodapak Movie cartridges. Kodak Zoom lens f/1.8; helical focusing. Through lens automatic exposure control; +1 stop backlight setting. Direct vision optical finder with lowlight warning; focusing eyepiece. Linear footage scale. Film speed sensors. Integral folding handle. Powered by three 1.5v AAA cells. Provision for accessory battery boost pack. Manual zoom control. Slot for movie light or key to remove daylight filter. The film transport, common to all in the range, is mounted on a die-cast inner frame and the camera is made of glass-reinforced plastic in two-tone grey. This is an example of the top of the range of the Kodak Instamatic Super 8 cameras introduced in May 1965. In rigid foam-lined carrying case.
Early kinematographic apparatus:-one small animatograph camera, including film counter, by R. W. Paul
Keystone Model A-12 Cine Camera
Keystone Model A12 16mm cine camera. Clockwork-driven with running speeds of 10 (low), 16 (normal), 24 (sound) and 64 frames/second (slow motion), together with three 'intermediate' speeds. It can also take single frames. The button can be locked into its 'on' position. The camera takes 100 foot daylight-loading spools of 16mm film and has a double sprocket drive. The twin-lens turret has a f/2.5 Keystone Wollensak 1 inch Cine Raptar lens and a Dallmeyer 3 inch f/3.5 telephoto lens, in interchangeable C mounts. Each has an optical sight for the direct vision optical viewfinder that is brought into place as the turret is turned. On the side is an exposre calculator. Serial No J-3430. Keystone, Boston, Mass. With leather camera case and instruction manual dated June 1949, 44pp.
Dux Kino Model 44 toy projector
Dux Kino projector, Model 44. Projector for 35mm film strip carrying two horizontal rows of cartoon pictures with alternate phases of motion. Projected alternately by oscillating shutter operated behind two projection lenses. Serial No 568 on base, trade mark in gold on top of projector body. With a paired condenser lens, two 3.5v bulbs powered by 4 1/2 volt battery. Clockwork drive. Dux-Fabrik Markes and Co, about 1957. With one film strip, Mickey and Pluto (1990-5036/2659/1).
Pathé Webo A 9.5mm cine camera
Pathe Webo A cine camera for 9.5mm film in Webo chargers; Som Berthiot Cinor B lens F;20mm f/1.9 Serial No 575935 in interchangeable mount. Clockwork drive (claw intermittent in magazine), guilotine shutter; single frame; DV optical finder; exposure table. No 4411. Instructions in French.
Pathe Baby Cine Camera With Motor
Pathe Baby Cine Camera With Motor. Cine camera for 9.5mm film chargers. H. Rousel Kynor lens f/3.5-14 No.55870. Attached French made clockwork motor. Single speed with meter counter. Optical frame finder. No. 035887. Continuous, Paris. Originally hand-cranked, this is fitted with a French-made Motrix single speed clockwork motor attachment. This could expose less than half the film at one winding. The camera has a folding optical frame finder and a metre counter.
RCA Sound Camera
RCA Sound cinecamera. Cinecamera for 16mm film, 100 foot reels. Wollensak Velostigmat lens f/3.5-16, in three-lens turret, screw mount. Clockwork motor drive, 16-24 feet per second. Single sprocket and claw mechanism. Sound recording head, 4 volt 0.75 amp lamp lit from three dry cells. Level adjusting screw. Critical focusing device (under red rubber cap). Direct vision optical finder with frames for three lenses. Paralax compensated rear lens. Footage indicator working on feed spool. Light from lamp falls on recording slit via mirror fitted on 'microphone' diaphragm. Serial No 1341. RCA Victor Co Inc, Camden, NJ.