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Rotative steam engine by Boulton and Watt, 1788.
Boulton and Watt Rotative Beam Engine - the 'Lap' engine. This is the oldest essentially unaltered rotative engine in the world. Built by James Watt in 1788, it incorporates all of his most important steam-engine improvements. The engine was used at Matthew Boulton’s Soho Manufactory in Birmingham, where it drove 43 metal polishing (or ‘lapping’) machines for 70 years.
Parsons' steam turbine generator, 1884.
Parsons' original Steam Turbine generator with spare guide ring and fan 1884
Firgrove Mill Steam Engine
Firgrove Mill tandem compound condensing engine, made by J. & W. McNaught, Rochdale, c.1907.
Print of Henry Beighton's Engraving of a Newcomen Engine
Framed print of Henry Beighton's Engraving of the Newcomen Engine at Griff, 1717, Henry Beighton, England, 1717-1725. This engraving (the original of which was discovered in Worcester College, Oxford, in 1925) is the oldest known illustration of a Newcomen engine.
Model of Rotative Beam Engine by William Tongue, c. 1804
Model, rotative beam engine, c. 1805, scale 1:8, made by William Tongue, an apprentice with Boulton & Watt from 1797 until 1804. It represents the rotative steam engine as Watt left it upon the expiry of his patents in 1800. Cast iron has replaced timber in the main engine components, and the sun & planet gear has been replaced by a more straightforward crank. The nozzles (valve boxes that controlled the inlet and exhaust of steam at each end of the cylinder) each contain two concentric socket valves of the type introduced by William Murdock after 1800. The eccentric driving the valves was also his improvement.
Metropolitan-Vickers Steam turbine and Generator
Steam turbine and generator, made by Metropolitan-Vickers Electrical Co. Ltd, Trafford Park, 1937-8, with accompanying copies of original General Arrangement and Assembly Drawings used during the refurbishment of the turbine. Originally used to generate electricity for a brickworks, removed by Metro-Vicks apprentices and used for training purposes. Output through the alternator is 375kVA, equivalent to c.300 Kilowatts, three-phase power, or equivalent to 300 single-bar electric fires. The turbine is c. 400 horsepower, about as much as five small cars.
Crossley Horizontal Single-cylinder Engine
Horizontal single-cylinder four-stroke cycle gas engine made by Crossley Brothers Ltd, Manchester, c.1886. Used in Edinburgh foundry. This was the first type of internal-combustion engine to work on Otto's four-stroke principle, patented in 1876, and is thus the direct ancestor of present-day piston internal-combustion engines.
Replica Newcomen Steam engine
Replica of Newcomen type atmospheric vertical steam engine made by the Mechanical Engineering Department, UMIST, 1965.
Durn Mill Steam Engine
Single-cylinder slide-valve horizontal condensing engine from Durn Mill, Littleborough made by Earnshaw & Holt, Rochdale, 1864.
Maudslay Oscillating Engine
Original model of Maudslay Oscillating Engine, thought to have been made by Henry Maudslay for pumping water in the early years of the 19th century.
Single-cylinder Oil Engine
Horizontal single-cylinder oil engine, made by Crossley Brothers Ltd, Manchester, c.1894. Single cylinder heavy oil engine, a four stroke principle, horizontal type, with cylinder over hung at rear. Feed oil tank contained in base of casting so this was a self contained unit except for water to cool it.
Woolf's Water Tube Boiler, 1819
model of Woolf's water tube boiler after A. M. Heron de la Villefosse, De la Richesse Minerale, 1819, scale 1:8, patented 1803
Crossley Brothers Gas Engine
Vertical single-cylinder atmospheric gas engine, made by Crossley Brothers Ltd, Openshaw, Manchester, c.1874. No 1224. Two flywheel cylinder atmospheric free piston gas engine. Two flywheels with ratchet gear on driving shaft which allows the piston and rack to be blown up by the expulsion of gas in the cylinder, and the piston falling by vacuum and its own weight, drives the flywheels as the ratchet engines. This was the first type of internal combustion engine to compress the explosive mixture before firing it. Label embossed on engine shaft: "Otto Langen & Crossley's Patents Crossley Bros Manchester Sole English & Colonial Makers".
Bust of James Watt in Parian Ware made by Josiah W
Bust of James Watt in Parian Ware made by Josiah Wedgwood & Sons from original by E.W. Wyon, 1859, 15" high
John Wood diagonal reciprocating steam engine
Double diagonal engine; overhead crankshaft two cylinder slide valve, diagonal steam engine with Pickering Govenor. Cast iron fram, cylinders in line with one forked connecting rod. Made by John Wood, Ramsbottom, 1890
Mirrlees, Bickerton & Day Diesel Engine
Three-cylinder air-blast vertical diesel-injection engine, no.46724/27, made by Mirrlees, Bickerton & Day Ltd, Stockport, 1927.
Samuel Clegg Steam Engine Model
Beam engine model of vertical single-cylinder engine, made by Samuel Clegg of Manchester, c.1825.
Crossley Type IHD4 Diesel Engine
Diesel test engine Type IHD4, made by Crossley Brothers Ltd, Manchester, c.1960.
National Diesel Engine Model
Sectioned working model of a single-cylinder diesel engine, made by the National Gas & Oil Engine Co. Ltd, Ashton-under-Lyne, c.1930.
W. H. Bailey & Co Hot-Air Engine
Hot-air engine made by Sir W. H. Bailey & Co. Ltd, Salford, c. 1880. Horizontal pistons with crankshaft overhead, flywheel a one side. Water circulating pump, rocking levels for hot and displacement pistons. Large cast iron closed cylinders at the back which was built into the fire box. Brick fire box with cast iron doors and chimney. Fuel for heating could be anything that could burn. Centrifugal governor with ball weights to control speed.
Chadwick Vertical Steam Engine
Single-cylinder vertical engine, made by John Chadwick, Manchester, c.1860.
Vertical Reciprocating Steam Engine Model
Beam engine model, made by Watkins & Hill, 1818-1856.
Trevithick's High Pressure Steam Engine and Boiler, c. 1806
Trevithick high pressure stationary engine built by "Hazledine & Co., Bridgnorth", no. 14, c. 1806, with timber staging
Model of Sun and Planet Gearing
Model of sun and planet gearing, made by James Watt ,1782-1784, demonstrating the action designed to produce a rotative motion. Preserved by James Watt & Co.
W. H. Bailey Hot-Air Engine
Vertical hot-air engine, made by Sir W. H. Bailey and Co. Ltd, Manchester, c.1880.
Haydock Colliery Steam Engine
Single-cylinder condensing beam engine, made in about 1830 and latterly used at Haydock Colliery. This engine is thought to have been made for the Liverpool & Manchester Railway Company for use as a winding engine at Edge Hill. From about 1860, until it was taken out of service in 1950, this engine provided power for the woodworking shop at the Richard Evans Colliery maintenance depot at Haydock. Beam engine with 'D' slide valves, Parallel motion condenser, air pumps, Watt type about 15' long, flywheel 15' diameter in segments and arms with gear drive round rim. Erected at Haydock in 1863 to drive the saw mill of Richard Evans Colliery Maintenance department.
National Horizontal Gas Engine
Single-cylinder horizontal gas engine, type KBGE, no. 193552 made by National Gas & Oil Engine Co. Ltd, Ashton-under-Lyne, c.1935.
Newcomen Engine Piston
Reciprocating atmospheric steam engine piston, c. 1785. Newcomen type engine. Good example of piston from atmospheric engine, used to pump water from a coal mine at Bridgefoot, Cumbria.
Galloways Ltd Cross-Compound Steam Engine
Horizontal cross-compound condensing uniflow engine, made by Galloways Ltd, Manchester, for Elm Street Mill, Burnley, 1926.
L. Gardner Hot Air Engine
Robinson hot air engine, made by L. Gardner & Sons Ltd, Manchester, c.1900.
Replica Otto Four-Stroke Engine
Replica Otto four-stroke engine, made by Museum of Science and Industry and Crossley Premier Engines Ltd, Manchester, 1982.
Wooden Horse Gin
Wooden horse gin, c.1780, used at Rothwell Haigh Colliery, Yorkshire.
A. E. & H. Robinson Gas Engine
Single-cylinder inclined gas engine, made by A. E. & H. Robinson & Co., Manchester, 1907.
Lancashire boiler, made by W. & J. Galloway & Sons Ltd, Manchester, c.1889. This boiler was used by John Sawtell & Co. of Holt where it supplied steam for curling feathers for stuffing the pillows they manufactured.
Hydraulic Supply Meter
Meter for hydraulic power made by Manchester Corporation Waterworks, made around 1920
Oil filter made by the Vacuum Oil Company Limited and distributed by Kays of Leeds, c.1930.
Saxon Barring Engine
Barring engine, made by George Saxon Ltd, Manchester and used in Magnet Mill, Chadderton, Oldham.
John Dugdill & Co. Horizontal Engine
Horizontal engine and dynamo made by John Dugdill and Sons Ltd, c.1890. Single cylinder slide valve steam engine, valve on top, with vertical governor, spring loaded. Large flywheel, probably because it was used to generate electricity. Boiler pump driven by eccentric on crankshaft. Last worked in 1894 when it drove the Edison dynamo.
Gilbert Gilkes & Gordon Water Turbine
Water turbine no.4062 made by Gilbert Gilkes & Gordon Ltd, Kendal, 1934.
Pelton Water Turbine
Pelton water turbine, made by Gilkes & Gordon Ltd, Kendal, c.1955.
Parrott Hydraulic Pump
Hydraulic pump made by James Parrott, Salford, c.1876. Used until 1987 to power hydraulic presses which made paper rolls for the wallpaper printing industry.
Bisschop single-cylinder Vertical Gas Engine
Bisschop single-cylinder vertical gas engine, no. 927B, made by J. E. H. Andrews, Stockport, 1882.
National Diesel Engine
Single-cylinder horizontal four-stroke diesel engine with generator and lighting set, made by the National Gas & Oil Engine Co. Ltd, Ashton-under-Lyne, 1928.
Model, scale 1:12, of stationary steam boiler, c.1948
Scale 1:12 model of Paxman Economic boiler, as built by Davey, Paxman & Co. Ltd, Colchester, England, c.1910. Model built by John B. Thorp of London, and mounted in display case.
Watt's second separate condenser, 1765.
Model of cylinder with separate condenser, formerly described as the "original" model.
Working model of Hero's Aeolipile and steam boiler
100-1 BCE; 1501-1600; 1914
Working model of Hero's Aeolipile and steam boiler based on Sketches in 16th century Manuscripts