Model of the "Planet" Locomotive

Made:
1830 (original); 1967 (model) in London
maker:
Science Museum, Workshops

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Creative Commons LicenseThis image is released under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 Licence

Buy this image as a print 

License this image for commercial use at Science and Society Picture Library

Creative Commons LicenseThis image is released under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 Licence

Creative Commons LicenseThis image is released under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 Licence

Creative Commons LicenseThis image is released under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 Licence

Buy this image as a print 

License this image for commercial use at Science and Society Picture Library

Creative Commons LicenseThis image is released under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 Licence

Buy this image as a print 

License this image for commercial use at Science and Society Picture Library

Creative Commons LicenseThis image is released under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 Licence

Buy this image as a print 

License this image for commercial use at Science and Society Picture Library

Creative Commons LicenseThis image is released under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 Licence

Buy this image as a print 

License this image for commercial use at Science and Society Picture Library

Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Model of the "Planet" Locomotive
Science Museum Group Collection

Model of Planet locomotive
Science Museum Group Collection

Science Museum Group Collections.
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum, London.

Science Museum Group Collections.
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum, London.

Science Museum Group Collections.
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum, London.

Science Museum Group Collections.
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum, London.

Model steam locomotive, scale 1:8, Stephenson's locomotive "Planet", 1830, made by the Science Museum in 1967.

The design of the "Planet" of 1830 was a great advance on that of the "Rocket" of 1829 and formed the basis on which much of the later development of the steam locomotive was founded. The main improvements were that the fire-tube boiler was fitted with an enclosed firebox and with a smokebox having a central exhaust nozzle, and that the engine was arranged horizontally with the cylinders under the smokebox between the frames.

The locomotive, which was of the 2-2-0 type, was delivered to the Liverpool & Manchester Railway Company on November 29th, 1830, and on December 4th drew 18 wagons with a gross weight of about 80 tons. The journey of 25 miles between Liverpool and Manchester, with three stops and additional engine assistance on inclines, took 174 minutes. Its success caused the Directors to adopt it as the standard design on the railway for a time. On February 15th, 1833, the "Planet" had run 41,000 miles, and was reported as being in good condition.

This model is 1:8 scale and was made by the Science Museum in 1967.

On display

Science Museum: Special Exhibition Gallery 1: The Sun

If you are visiting to see this object, please contact us in advance to make sure that it will be on display.

Details

Category:
Railway Models
Object Number:
1967-44
Materials:
brass, metal, paint, paper, wood
Measurements:
overall (estimate): 500 x 1200 x 550 mm
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type:
model locomotive
taxonomy:
  • visual and verbal communication
  • vehicles and vehicle components
  • vehicle
credit:
Science Museum Workshops
status:
Permanent collection

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