Two Kineograph Flicker Books

c. 1868 in England
John Barnes Linnett

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Kineograph Flick Book Device
The Kodak Collection at the National Media Museum, Bradford
Science Museum Group Collection

Flicker books (2): windmill, illustration in original patent, cover and 1st pages missing; dancing skeleton. Linnett's patent.

Flicker book, made in England, c. 1868.

Flicker books have a series of slightly different images in each pages, when flicked through quickly, the pictures appear animated. Although Pierre-Hubert Desvignes is usually credited with inventing the flicker book, John Barnes Linnett of London was the first to patent a design. These flicker books with designs of a dancing skeleton and a windmill are made to Linnett’s patent.


Object Number:
flicker book
  • tools and equipment
  • equipment by process
  • image viewing equipment
  • optical toy
The Kodak Collection at the National Media Museum, Bradford
Permanent collection

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