Dudgeon sphygmograph, Edinburgh, Scotland, c. 1885-1900

Made:
1885-1920 in Edinburgh

Buy this image as a print 

License this image for commercial use at Science and Society Picture Library

Dudgeon sphygmograph by Gardner and Son, from the collection of Sir James Mackenzie, in case, Scottish. 3/4 view. Grey
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Dudgeon sphygmograph, in case, by Gardner and Son, 32 Forrest Road, Edinburgh, Scotland, 1885-1920. From the collection of Sir James Mackenzie.

Force, rate and variations in the pulse were recorded using a sphygmograph. The first practical version was devised in 1860 by French physician Etienne-Jules Marey (1830-1904). English physician and homeopath Robert Ellis Dudgeon (1820-1904) introduced this new, highly portable sphygmograph in 1881. It was strapped to the wrist. The pulse at the wrist caused a metal strip to move a stylus. This transmitted a record of the pulse onto smoked paper. It created a record of blood pressure and pulse over time.

Dudgeon’s instrument quickly became popular because it was compact and easy to use. This example was owned and used by Scottish physician Sir James Mackenzie (1853-1925). Mackenzie was a leading cardiologist who developed many of his own instruments.

Related people

Details

Category:
Clinical Diagnosis
Object Number:
A56269
Materials:
complete, cotton (textile), ivory, leather, metal (plated), paper (fibre product), silk, velvet
Measurements:
overall (open): 36 mm x 70 mm x 70 mm, .166 kg
overall (closed): 53 mm x 70 mm x 70 mm, .166 kg
type:
sphygmograph
taxonomy:
  • furnishing and equipment
  • tools & equipment
  • medical instrument
credit:
Mackenzie

Cite this page

Rights

We encourage the use and reuse of our collection data.


Data in the title, made, maker and details fields are released under Creative Commons Zero


Descriptions and all other text content are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 licence

Using our data

Download

Download catalogue entry as json

Download manifest IIIF

Our records are constantly being enhanced and improved, but please note that we cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information shown on this website.