E Leitz 1869 - 1987
- born in:
- Wetzlar, Giessen, Hesse, Germany
1849 - Wetzlar Optical Institute founded by Carl Kellner (1823-1855);
1864 - mechanic Ernst Leitz joined the Optical Institute, manufacturing lenses for telescopes and microscopes;
1865-1869 - partnership as 'Optical Institute'; Leitz became a partner;
1869 - Ernst Leitz (1843-1920) takes over sole management and renames company as E Leitz, Wetzlar.
1920 - management passes to Ernst Leitz (II) then to his sons, Ernst, Ludwig and Günther in 1956;
1930 - incoporated as Ernst Leitz GmbH;
1972 - co-operation between Wild Heerbrugg, Switzerland and Leitz;
1986/1987 - company merges with Wild Heerbrugg AG to form Wild Leitz;
1990 - Wild Leitz and Cambridge Instruments group (including Reichert Jung) merge; now Leica Microsystems GmbH, Wetzlar + Leica Camera AG, Solms, Germany + Leica Geosystems, Heerbrugg, Swtzerland
The company became highly successful manufacturing microscopes before branching out in to camera manufacture. The first 35-mm compact camera was developed and manufactured at the Leitz company. Oskar Barnack, previously an employee of Zeiss, experimented with his idea for several years before he finally invented the Leica camera. The camera went into mass production in 1924. Leica became renowned as a maker of high quality equipment for photography, photographic reproduction, and observation. The company faced increasingly stiff competition in the market from Japanese manufacturers after the 1960s. In 1986, Leica GmbH was founded to manage the Leitz camera division just as sales began to decline.