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Rotative steam engine by Boulton and Watt, 1788
Boulton and Watt Rotative Beam Engine - the 'Lap' engine. This is the oldest essentially unaltered rotative engine in the world. Built by James Watt in 1788, it incorporates all of his most important steam-engine improvements. The engine was used at Matthew Boulton’s Soho Manufactory in Birmingham, where it drove 43 metal polishing (or ‘lapping’) machines for 70 years.
'Bell-crank' engine, c. 1799
Model Boulton & Watt bell crank engine, c. 1799. The bell-crank engine design was devised for Boulton & Watt by William Murdock, one of their employees. It was the first 'independent' (self-supporting) engine to be built.
Model, of Woolf's Water Tube Boiler, 1819
model of Woolf's water tube boiler after A. M. Heron de la Villefosse, De la Richesse Minerale, 1819, scale 1:8, patented 1803. Type built by J & E Hall of Dartford, Kent.
Model of William Murdock's Oscillating Engine, 1785.
Original model of William Murdock's Oscillating Cylinder Engine, 1785
Model of Rotative Beam Engine by William Tongue, c. 1804
Model, rotative beam engine, c. 1805, scale 1:8, made by William Tongue, an apprentice with Boulton & Watt from 1797 until 1804. It represents the rotative steam engine as Watt left it upon the expiry of his patents in 1800. Cast iron has replaced timber in the main engine components, and the sun & planet gear has been replaced by a more straightforward crank. The nozzles (valve boxes that controlled the inlet and exhaust of steam at each end of the cylinder) each contain two concentric socket valves of the type introduced by William Murdock after 1800. The eccentric driving the valves was also his improvement.
Print of Henry Beighton's Engraving of a Newcomen Engine
Framed print of Henry Beighton's Engraving of the Newcomen Engine at Griff, 1717, Henry Beighton, England, 1717-1725. This engraving (the original of which was discovered in Worcester College, Oxford, in 1925) is the oldest known illustration of a Newcomen engine.
Bust of James Watt in Parian Ware made by Josiah W
Bust of James Watt in Parian Ware made by Josiah Wedgwood & Sons from original by E.W. Wyon, 1859, 15" high
Peel, Williams & Peel steam engine
Six-column beam engine, made by Peel, Williams & Peel, Manchester, in 1846 and originally used at Thomas Redfern's file-making factory in Stockport. A small beam engine, complete in itself and built as a free standing unit. Sometimes known as a 'wet bottom' engine due to its condenser tank at the base. Also described as a tank bed engine, with 12" x 20" slide valve cylinder.
Working model of Hero's Aeolipile and steam boiler
100-1 BCE; 1501-1600; 1914
Working model of Hero's Aeolipile and steam boiler based on Sketches in 16th century Manuscripts
Watt's second separate condenser, 1765.
Model of cylinder with separate condenser, formerly described as the "original" model.
Parsons' steam turbine generator, 1884.
Parsons' original Steam Turbine generator, with spare guide ring and fan, by Clarke, Chapman, Parsons & Co.,1884
Early compound beam engine
Compound Condensing Beam Engine 8" & 16" diam. x 17 7/8" & 26" stroke respectively, boiler feed pumps with plunger and Spare engine piston ring and parcel of small spare parts, by Thomas Horn, Engineer, Westminster, London, England, 1860 used at Ifield Sussex
National Diesel Engine
Single-cylinder horizontal four-stroke diesel engine with generator and lighting set, made by the National Gas Engine Co. Ltd, Ashton-under-Lyne, 1928.
Vertical Steam Engine, 1891
14 hp vertical, single-cylinder, Marshall Steam Engine (made by Messrs. Marshall of Gainsborough, for Imperial Institute in 1891 and transferred to Kew Gardens in 1903)
This Lancashire boiler was made in Manchester by W & J Galloway & Sons Ltd in 1889. It was used by bedding manufacturers John Sawtell & Co, where the steam was used to curl feathers for stuffing pillows. Lancashire boilers were often used to power steam engines, but could be used for any task where steam was required. The Lancashire boiler was developed by William Fairbairn in 1844, in an attempt to create a boiler where as much heat as possible from the fire was transferred to the water, and not lost. Two furnace tubes run through the boiler, where the fires would be stoked, and these were surrounded with water for maximum heat transfer. Manchester firm Galloways, who made this boiler, made their boilers even more efficient by adding extra tubes which crossed the furnace tubes to allow more heat transfer. A typical Lancashire boiler would consume six tons of coal per day. Water levels had to be carefully maintained, otherwise the pressure would get too high and cause an explosion.
Crossley Horizontal Single-cylinder Engine
Horizontal single-cylinder four-stroke cycle gas engine made by Crossley Brothers Ltd, Manchester, c.1886. Serial number 15040. Used in an Edinburgh foundry. This was the first type of internal-combustion engine to work on Otto's four-stroke principle, patented in 1876, and is thus the direct ancestor of present-day piston internal-combustion engines. A general arrangement drawing for the engine is held in the archive.
Firgrove Mill Steam Engine
Firgrove Mill tandem compound condensing engine, made by J. & W. McNaught, Rochdale, 1907. From 1907 to 1970, this engine drove the R. Barnes & Co. Firgrove Mill in Rochdale, which produced flannelette, also known as brushed cotton, a soft and fluffy cotton fabric most often used for bedding and children's clothes. Archive material relating to the engine is catalogued in Adlib.
Crossley Type IHD4 Diesel Engine
Four-stroke diesel engine, Type IHD4, made by Crossley Brothers Ltd, Manchester, c.1960. Used at the Tameside Collecge of Technology for testing different engine loads.
Horizontal Tandem Compound Engine, c. 1910
model, scale 1:12, of horizontal tandem compound condensing engine, c. 1910
W. H. Bailey Hot-Air Engine
Vertical hot-air engine, made by Sir W. H. Bailey and Co. Ltd, Manchester, c.1880.
Richard's patent steam engine indicator in wooden box
A Richard's patent steam engine indicator in wooden box; made by Elliott Bros., London
Model, scale 1:12, of stationary steam boiler, c.1948
Scale 1:12 model of Paxman Economic boiler, as built by Davey, Paxman & Co. Ltd, Colchester, England, c.1910. Model built by John B. Thorp of London, and mounted in display case.
Trevithick's High Pressure Steam Engine and Boiler, c. 1806
Trevithick high pressure stationary engine built by "Hazledine & Co., Bridgnorth", no. 14, c. 1806, with timber staging
Model flash steam plant
Model flash steam plant by Bert Martin, Southampton, Hampshire, England, 1935
Single-cylinder Oil Engine
Horizontal single-cylinder oil engine, made by Crossley Brothers Ltd, Manchester, c.1894. Single cylinder heavy oil engine, a four stroke principle, horizontal type, with cylinder over hung at rear. Feed oil tank contained in base of casting so this was a self contained unit except for water to cool it.
Model of Galloway boiler, 1890, scale 1:12. This modification of the Lancashire boiler was patented by William and John Galloway in 1851
Maudslay Oscillating Engine
Original model of Maudslay Oscillating Engine, thought to have been made by Henry Maudslay for pumping water in the early years of the 19th century.
'No dead centre' Steam Engine, 1887
model of a two-cylinder Vertical Engine with triangular connecting rod. This type of 'no dead centre' engine was built by John Musgrave & Sons of Bolton, based upon a patent of 1887, scale 1:?
Model (Scale 1:8), semi-portable overtype engine, by Robey & Co.
Model of Overtype Semi-portable Engine
Pre-production model of a Howden HWP 300 Wind Turbine and Landrover
Sectioned scale 1:40 model of a Howden HWP 300 Wind Turbine, by Angus Model Makers, Glasgow, Scotland, with a 1:43 scale model of a Landrover vehicle & human figure, by Vitesse, Portugal, 1980-1983. The tubine model was constructed prior to production of the real object, which was installed at Burgar Hill, Orkney, on 20 October 1983.
100 K.W. Parsons' Radial Flow Steam Turbine alternator with Generator, partly sectioned
Partly sectioned 100 K.W. Radial Flow Steam Turbine alternator with Generator, built by C. A. Parsons and Company, Newcastle upon Tyne in 1892 for the Cambridge Electric Supply Company.
Atmospheric Engine by John Smeaton, 1772
1772 (original); 1919 (model)
working model, sectioned, scale 1:12, John Smeaton's atmospheric engine at Long Benton Colliery, 1772
Model of Hopkinsons' Torsion-Bar steam safety valv
Model of Hopkinsons' Torsion-Bar steam safety valve, 1961
Willans Three-crank High Speed Steam Engine, 1884
Willans 3-cylinder high speed compound engine, no. 369, 1884
Durn Mill Steam Engine
This horizontal condensing engine was made in 1864 by Earnshaw and Holt in Rochdale, and used at Durn Mill in nearby Littleborough. It provided 250 horse power to the mill. The engine worked until 1946, and only ever had one part replaced during its 80-year working life (the governor, which was replaced with the Lumbs governor seen here in 1921). Horizontal condensing engines like this were much more efficient than earlier beam engines, and could withstand higher pressure, making them more powerful. The wooden cladding on the cylinder provides insulation, stopping the heat from escaping. This engine was used to make tartan at Durn Mill. Tartan was a popular fabric for clothes and home goods in the Victorian era, and factories like Durn produced both traditional and modern patterns. Durn was an integrated mill which both spun and wove wool.
Collycroft worsted textile mill, 1790
model, scale 1:32, of an 18th century water-powered textile mill; the model is based on drawings of the Collycroft worsted mill, Bedworth, Warwickshire, built c. 1790; interior contains a selection of textile machines employed in various processes; weaving, winding, drawing or doubling, spinning; the machine operators are also shown; the model is finished for viewing from the front only, and is cut away to allow viewing of the interior
Model, of an 'Independent' type beam engine by Boulton, Watt & Co., 1813
Model of an independent type 'Cabinet' rotative beam engine, with self-supporting iron frame and cistern bed, made by Boulton, Watt & Co., and owned by James Watt, c1813, with tin container, for cigarettes, containing nineteen steel flat washers, fourteen slotted brass dome-head machine screws and an ‘L’ shaped flat piece of wood.
Vertical Compound Steam Engine with Hackworth's Valve Gear, 1898
model of inverted compound steam engine fitted with Hackworth's valve gear, scale 1:6, original made by the Brush Co for the City Road Substation of the County of London Electric Supply Co.
Two models, showing Thompson's Dish-ended Lancashire Boiler front sections
Model (scale 1:8) of front end of Thompson's Dish-ended Lancashire Boiler with corrugated flues.
Undershot water wheel used to power a paper mill in Pool-in-Wharfedale, near Leeds.
Model 0.1cc internal combustion engine
Model internal combustion engine, 0.1cc, by Bert Martin, Southampton, Hampshire, England, 1945
Robey Portable Steam Engine, c. 1938
Model of a single-cylinder Robey portable steam engine and boiler. Scale 1:8, with wooden frame.
Smeaton's Apparatus for Determining the Efficiency of Water Wheels
1988 (model); 1752 (original)
Facsimile model, scale 1:1, of John Smeaton's Water Wheel apparatus for "An Experimental Enquiry concerning the Natural Powers of Water and Wind to turn Mills..." (Phil Trans. Vol L1, 1759), after the original made in 1752. Model by John Horniblow, England, 1988.
Metropolitan-Vickers Steam turbine and Generator
Steam turbine and generator, made by Metropolitan-Vickers Electrical Co. Ltd, Trafford Park, 1937-8, with accompanying copies of original General Arrangement and Assembly Drawings used during the refurbishment of the turbine. Originally used to generate electricity for a brickworks, removed by Metro-Vicks apprentices and used for training purposes. Output through the alternator is 375kVA, equivalent to c.300 Kilowatts, three-phase power, or equivalent to 300 single-bar electric fires. The turbine is c. 400 horsepower, about as much as five small cars.
National Horizontal Gas Engine
Single-cylinder horizontal gas engine, type KBGE, no. 193552 made by National Gas & Oil Engine Co. Ltd, Ashton-under-Lyne, c.1935.