Silver-plated divination bowl, Egypt, 1801-1900

Made:
1200-1399; 1801-1900 in Syria and Egypt
maker:
Unknown

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Silver-plated copper divination bowl, perhaps Egyptian, 19th century. Dark grey background.
Science Museum Group Collection
© The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum

Engraved tinned-copper magic-medicinal bowl also known as a 'poison cup', hemispherical, Syro-Egyptian, 13th-14th century. Features imagery of twinned serpents, scorpion, dog, Qur'anic verses, magic squares, and text specifying it cures stings and bites from the animals depicted, as well as fever, colic, and difficult birth. Also a spiraling inscription of magic 'nonsense' words, which would put this outside the realm of acceptable Prophetic practice.

Divination was used in medicine to try to determine the cause of an illness and to give some indication as to suitable treatments. This divination bowl may have been used by interpreting the reflection of light on its sides. Other methods include casting stones or studying the entrails of a sacrificed animal and interpreting the patterns made. The engraving on the silver-plated copper bowl shows entwined snakes, a running dog and also has some Arabic text. Although its exact origin is unknown, it is thought that the bowl was made in Egypt. It is believed that at some point it may have been used as an ashtray as there is staining on the surface.

Details

Category:
Ethnography and Folk Medicine
Object Number:
A159073
Materials:
copper, not recorded, silver plated
type:
magical-medicinal bowl
taxonomy:
  • divination object
credit:
Gayer-Anderson
status:
Loan: Wellcome Trust

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