Steam locomotive KF class number 7, 4-8-4, Chinese Government Railways, designed by Colonel Kenneth Cantlie, built by Vulcan Foundry in 1935 (as number 607), withdrawn in 1981. Length over buffers: 93' 2.5" (or 73' 2.5"); width 10' 2"; height 15' 6"; weight 194,870 kgs.
In 1979, KF no. 7 was presented to the National Railway Museum by the Chinese government as a gift from the people of China to the people of Britain.
Dr Sun Yat Sen (a founding father of the Republic of China, established in 1912) was a friend of Colonel Kenneth Cantlie’s father, James Cantlie. In 1896 James Cantlie led a media campaign to rescue Dr Sun after his abduction by the Chinese Imperial Secret Service. The Boxer Rebellion of 1901, an anti-imperialist revolt which marked the beginning of the end of Imperial China, was put down by an eight Nation Alliance of western powers. The Imperial Chinese government was made to pay reparations to these nations; in Britain this was held by the Boxer Indemnity Fund, of which one of the trustees was the KF class’ designer Kenneth Cantlie. From 1929, Cantlie was also the technical advisor to the Chinese Ministry of Railway.
The KF no. 7 was one of twenty-four locomotives funded by the Boxer Indemnity Fund.
The class was designed to meet the demanding requirements of the Canton to Hankow and Nanking to Shanghai railways. The locomotives had to combine high power with low axle loading and be able to contend with the low quality of coal and chemically poor water supplies available. They also had to be able to operate in climatic extremes.
The locomotive was shipped to the UK in 1981 and then transferred to York by road – although the KF no. 7 runs on standard gauge track it is much higher and wider than standard British locomotives.
- Locomotives and Rolling Stock
- Object Number:
length over buffers: 28410 mm,
height: 4724 mm
width: 3099 mm
- steam locomotive
- vehicles and vehicle components
- Chinese Minister of Railways
- Permanent collection
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