Arkwright's water frame, 1775.

Made:
1775 in England
designer:
Richard Arkwright
and
Richard Arkwright
and

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Improved spinning machine (water frame), by Sir Richard Arkwright, England, 1775.

These spinning machines were driven by waterpower at Arkwright's Cromford mill, hence the name of Water Frame. This is an improvement on 1860-4, having an arrangement for guiding the yarn evenly over the bobbins. A belt from an external main driving pulley drives eight spindles. Textile machinery such as this item revolutionised manufacturing processes in the cotton industry and elsewhere during the early Industrial Revolution.